Tesla prepares to ramp 4680 battery cell production in California

In the pursuit of sustainable transportation, one of the most critical components for electric vehicles (EVs) is the battery. Tesla, a trailblazer in the EV industry, has developed the groundbreaking Tesla 4680 battery—a revolutionary energy storage solution that promises to redefine the capabilities of electric vehicles. This story explores the technological advancements, benefits, and the potential impact of the Tesla 4680 battery on the future of electric mobility.

  1. The Evolution of Battery Technology:

Traditional lithium-ion batteries have powered electric vehicles for years, but Tesla recognized the need for significant advancements to enhance range, performance, and safety. The Tesla 4680 battery represents a significant leap forward in battery technology, offering numerous advantages over its predecessors. The 4680 battery refers to its cylindrical form factor, with a diameter of 46 mm and a height of 80 mm.

  1. Increased Energy Density:

The Tesla 4680 battery boasts a significantly higher energy density than previous lithium-ion batteries. This increased energy density enables electric vehicles to travel longer distances on a single charge, alleviating range anxiety and enhancing the overall usability and practicality of EVs. The higher energy density also allows for more efficient packaging within the vehicle, optimizing interior space and reducing overall weight.

  1. Structural Integrity and Safety:

One of the critical innovations of the Tesla 4680 battery is its structural integrity. The larger cylindrical format, combined with an innovative tabless design, eliminates the need for certain components like modules and connectors, streamlining the manufacturing process and reducing potential failure points. This structural improvement enhances the overall safety and reliability of the battery pack.

  1. Improved Charging Efficiency:

The Tesla 4680 battery incorporates advanced charging capabilities, allowing for faster charging times and more efficient energy transfer. With its larger size and improved thermal management system, the 4680 battery can handle high charge rates without compromising battery life or safety. This breakthrough in charging efficiency helps reduce downtime and enhances the overall convenience of electric vehicle ownership.

  1. Cost Reduction and Scalability:

Tesla’s commitment to cost reduction and scalability is a driving force behind the development of the 4680 battery. The larger form factor and simplified manufacturing process of the 4680 battery contribute to economies of scale, making it more cost-effective to produce. This cost reduction not only benefits Tesla but also has the potential to lower the overall cost of electric vehicles, making them more accessible to a broader range of consumers.

  1. Environmental Sustainability:

The Tesla 4680 battery aligns with the company’s mission to accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy. By developing a high-performance battery with enhanced energy density, Tesla is effectively reducing the reliance on fossil fuels and promoting the use of renewable energy sources. The widespread adoption of the 4680 battery has the potential to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the impacts of climate change.

  1. The Impact on Electric Mobility:

The Tesla 4680 battery holds immense potential to reshape the landscape of electric mobility. Its increased energy density, faster charging times, and enhanced safety features address the key concerns of EV adoption. The longer range and improved performance of vehicles equipped with the 4680 battery make electric vehicles a more compelling choice for consumers, boosting their confidence and further accelerating the transition to sustainable transportation.

  1. Industry-wide Implications:

The introduction of the Tesla 4680 battery has far-reaching implications for the entire automotive industry. As other automakers strive to catch up with Tesla’s technological advancements, they are likely to invest in their own research and development of improved battery solutions. This competition will drive further innovation and lead to the proliferation of advanced batteries across the industry, ultimately benefiting consumers and advancing the adoption of electric mobility on a global scale.


The Tesla 4680 battery represents a significant milestone in the development of electric vehicle technology. Its higher energy density, improved charging efficiency, and enhanced safety features position it as a game-changer in the industry. As Tesla continues to refine and scale the production of the 4680 battery, the electric vehicle market is poised for a seismic shift. With its potential to significantly extend the range, enhance the performance, and reduce the cost of electric vehicles, the Tesla 4680 battery is powering the electric future and propelling us closer to a sustainable transportation ecosystem.


Tesla is preparing to ramp up 4680 battery cell production in Fremont, California. The company recently signed a lease for a new manufacturing facility for essential battery technology that will likely be used for 4680 cell production.

Sources familiar with the matter told the Business Times that Tesla signed a lease with the industrial real estate investment trust Prologis on a 210,000 sq.ft advanced manufacturing facility. One source shared that the facility would support Tesla’s 4680 battery cell production.


In Q3 2022, Tesla tripled its 4680 cell production compared to the previous quarter. Elon Musk and the rest of the Tesla board discussed ramping 4680 productions at the third quarter earnings call last year.

“Yeah, [4680] ramp is going well, as Elon said. Total output is up 3x quarter over quarter, and production is tracking to exceed 1,000 car cells per week this quarter as we said last quarter. Our focus is now shifting from 100% ramp to cost and further expanding production capacity in North America, as Elon also mentioned,” Zachary Kirkhon said.

Tesla has clarified that 4680 cell production will not interfere with its use of 2170 cells. In fact, Elon Musk and Tesla have stated that the company will continue to experiment with different cell sizes and chemistries. Tesla also plans to continue working with other battery suppliers, including its longtime partners Panasonic, LG Energy Solutions, and CATL.

The EV manufacturer reached a capacity of 1,000 4680 cells per week by the end of the fourth quarter of last year. Tesla plans to increase its 4680 capacity by another 100 GWh with its Giga Nevada expansion.

“Our long-term goal is to get to well in excess of 1,000 gigawatt-hours of cells produced internally and continue to use the self cell providers. So to be clear, we will continue to use other cell providers. Just that the demand for lithium ion batteries is quasi-infinite and will be for quite some time. So we feel we can scale a lot faster using both suppliers and internally produced cells,” stated Elon Musk at the Q4 2022 earnings call.

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